Events volcanoes in the world are very common. Even some historians earthquake records mention that a major eruption nan terrible happened several times already in this world. TIME magazine, make a list of the most famous mountain Worldwide and damage caused.
1. Mount Vesuvius
Active volcano is located in the bay Maples in southern Italy. As far as is known, Vesuvius has erupted 30 times.
The most famous eruption occurred in 78 AD, the eruption of lava and ash for days, burying Pompeii and Stabiae with ash. Pompeii lost for 1,600 years. A writer, Pliny the Younger (Pliny the Younger) describes the sudden eruption was followed by a thick veil of dust that dropped the people who tried to flee. The death toll from the eruption is not exactly known, but menudur archaeologists, there are about 1,000 people.
In 1883, Krakatoa erupted. Strength is menggerikan, 13,000 times the power of the atomic bomb. Explosions and rumbling sound that spewed rocks could be heard from a distance of thousands of miles - and even small islands in the East African sea.Hundreds of people in Sumatra were killed instantly when the hot dust hit their home. Tempest did not stop there. Krakatau eruption triggered mega-tsunami. It is estimated more than 36,000 people were killed at that time. And many victims could be buried.
After the eruption, Krakatau sank into the sea, but after realizing that a new island appeared in the same mlokasi in 1927 and issued occasional bursts of lava. It was called Anak Krakatau.
3. St Helens
The mountain is most famous for the eruption that occurred on May 18, 1980. The eruption was the worst volcanic eruption in terms of both power and economic losses in the history of the United States. 57 people were killed, and the mountain peaks was reduced from 2950 meters to 2550 m. What has now become the eruption of the Volcano National Monument Mt. Helens.
Data Volcanic explosivity index (VEI), index-like eruption on the Richter scale to measure the strength of the quake - was on a scale of 1-8.
The eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 was on a scale of 7. That means extremely damaging. Tambora blast making Sumbawa and surrounding areas are in darkness. Tens of thousands of people died in the eruption, tsunami, followed, famine and disease.
Strength Tambora eruption was the largest ever recorded in history. Heat spurt pierce the atmosphere and climate change. There was no summer in 1816 in Europe and North America - "the year without summer '. Tambora down into the ground a few thousand feet, leaving a large crater at the summit.
5. Mauna Loa
Is the largest volcano in the world in terms of - and one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the United States and the State of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. He is an active shield volcano, with a volume estimated at about 18,000 miles per cubic meter.
Mauna Loa is one of the most active in the world. Since 1843, Mauna Loa has erupted 33 times, last in 1984.
Although not many people can pronounce the name correctly and smoothly, the eruption of Mount Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland spewing volcanic ash a dizzying, as disrupt European air traffic.
Thousands of passengers stranded at the airport, disrupted economies, agricultural goods rot because they can not be sent.
The first volcanic eruption occurred on March 20. But the next eruption, April 14 that cause havoc. The airline industry lost U.S. $ 1 billion.
7. Mount Pelee
Mount Pelee with a height of over 4,500 feet is located in the French territory of Martinique, known for its eruption in May 1902, is estimated to cost the lives of more than 30,000 people and destroyed St. Pierre.